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Belarus and United States

Diplomatic relations between Belarus and the United States were established on December 28, 1991. The Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the United States of America was opened in Washington, D.C. in 1992.

Following the establishment of diplomatic relations between Belarus and the United States, a foundation for political, economic and humanitarian cooperation between the two countries was laid. The President of the Republic of Belarus visited the United States in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2015, including for participation in the sessions of the UN General Assembly. In 1994, the U.S. President paid a visit to Belarus.

As part of his visit to the U.S. in September 2015, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko had a protocol meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama.

In July 2017, the U.S. Congressional delegation headed by Senator Roger Wicker visited Belarus to take part in the session of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly. During the visit, delegation members met with the Head of the Belarusian State.

Belarus removed the cap on the number of diplomats who can work in U.S. Embassy in Minsk, including the Ambassador.

In August 2019, John Bolton, National Security Advisor to the U.S. President, paid a visit to Belarus and met the President of the Republic of Belarus.

At the invitation of the U.S. side, consultations of chairmen of security councils of Belarus, Poland, U.S. and Ukraine took place in Warsaw in August 2019.

On February 1, 2020, U.S. Secretary of State Michael Pompeo paid a visit to the Republic of Belarus. During the visit, meetings were held with the President of the Republic of Belarus and the Minister of Foreign Affairs. U.S. Secretary of State visited Belarus Hi-Tech Park.

In 2020, the U.S. with the amount of $19.2 million became the leader among donor countries on the volume of foreign gratuitous assistance provided to Belarus.

In Belarus – U.S. relations, the process of normalization continued until August 2020. The atmosphere of mutual trust was gradually restored. The level and intensity of bilateral contacts increased. The parties reached an agreement on the restoration of a full-fledged diplomatic presence at the level of ambassadors. Dialogue was developing on international security, human rights, combating trafficking in persons, organized crime, international terrorism and illicit drug trafficking. 

The United States critically assessed the results of the presidential elections held in Belarus in August 2020 and therefore imposed restrictions on certain physical and legal persons of Belarus. Similar restrictions were introduced by the Belarusian side with regard to American officials. 

Maintaining full-fledged bilateral relations with the United States across the board is an important avenue of Belarus’ foreign policy. The Belarusian side stands for the development of equal engagement with the United States based on the principles of mutual respect and partnership. 

Belarusian export of goods to the U.S. in 2020 amounted to $199.2 million. 

Belarus-United States trade, million U.S. dollars

Year

Turnover

Export

Import

Balance

2016

644,7

129,5

515,2

-385,7

2017

603,9

224,8

379,1

-154,3

2018

711,6

274,4

437,2

-162,8

2019

857,1

194,2

662,9

-468,7

2020

734,3

199,2

535,1

-335,9

In 2020, the export of Belarusian services to the U.S. made up $1.26 billion. 


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