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Export: general provisions, export potential, commodity distribution network

General provisions

Export is one of the main priorities of the Belarusian economy. Traditionally, exports account for more than half of the Gross Domestic Product. That’s why it's the main source of sustainable economic growth of the country.

As Belarus advanced economically, a governmental system of encouraging and supporting exports was formed, building on international best practices. This system is constantly developing and improving. There are conditions for introducing new and effective mechanisms.
 
In the wake of the world financial downturn, the foreign trade of Belarus changed structurally. Today the country adopted a trade policy to increase the share of high-tech products in exports and diversify supplies to foreign markets.
 
The Republic of Belarus traditionally implements a multi-vector foreign trade policy, supports trade contacts with foreign countries, actively participates in international integration processes.
 
Major events that significantly affect the conditions of export activities are Belarus' participation in the Eurasian Economic Union, the build-up of a unified economic zone and forthcoming accession to the WTO.

Export potential

The structure of the Belarusian economy is export oriented. The share of export in the Gross Domestic Product exceeds 50 percent (in 2020 – more than 61 percent).

Export volume of Belarusian goods and services amounted to 37 billion USD (in 2000 - 7 billion USD). 

The commodity nomenclature of Belarusian exports is diverse. The main exported goods are oil products, potash and nitrogen fertilizers, metal products, tractors, trucks, buses, fibers and threads, tires, wood products, clothing, footwear, dairy and meat products.

Belarus manufactures a wide range of complex technical products that have a steady demand in foreign markets, among them are agricultural machinery, trucks and cars, buses, trolleybuses, trams and wagons, road construction equipment, household appliances, microelectronic products, optical devices.

The commodity structure of export is dominated by chemical products (19.8% of total export), food products and agricultural raw materials (19.7%), machinery, equipment, vehicles (19.2%).

The innovative progressive development of the economy is achieved by increasing the potential of science-intensive and high-tech production.

Commodity Distribution Network of the Belarusian Organizations Abroad

Since 2004 republican authorities carry out purposeful work on formation and development of a Commodity distribution network (CDN) of the subordinated organizations abroad, and also to increase of its' efficiency.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs carries on the function of co-ordination of CDN development since July 1, 2013. It renders assistance to the Belarusian enterprises and the organizations in this work through system of foreign missions of the Republic of Belarus.

The latest changes in the regulation of the issue were approved and implemented by the decision of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus No.183 of February 24, 2012.

The departmental reporting form "Information on the supply of goods to the subjects of the distribution network with the Belarusian stated capital or its shares located abroad" for 2021 and instructions for filling it out were approved by the Resolution of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus No. 6 dated November 17, 2020.

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