The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an UN agency responsible for the assessment of the global environment and identification of problems, the solution of which requires international cooperation.
UNEP was established on December 15, 1972. The motto of the organization is “Environment for Development”. UNEP headquarters is located in Nairobi (Kenya).
The main governing body of UNEP is the Governing Council, which consists of representatives from 58 member states elected by the UN General Assembly for four years in accordance with the principle of equitable geographical representation. The Council holds regular sessions in odd years.
The UNEP secretariat headed by an executive director acts as a mechanism of implementing solutions to environmental issues. Head of UNEP's post is the Deputy Secretary-General and is appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Secretary-General for four years.
UNEP is engaged in the analysis and evaluation of the global environment in order to provide early prevention of emerging threats, policy and legal framework in the environmental field; it supports the establishment and effective functioning of national institutions for environmental protection, coordinates the work of environmental conventions, promotes environment-friendly technologies. Particular attention is given to the implementation of Agenda for 21st Century ", adopted at the UN Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), as well as of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, 2002).
The main directions of cooperation between Belarus and UNEP are as follows: environmental monitoring and assessment; timely prevention of natural disasters and appropriate response, solution of environmental problems in accordance with the economic activities of a specific region, development of national legislation in the environmental field, assistance in fulfilling the commitments of environmental conventions, etc.
The Republic of Belarus is an active member of UNEP projects, including the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, Montreal Protocol on Ozone Layer, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, Protocol on Biosafety, Convention on Biological Diversity, etc.
Belarus plans to continue to participate actively in both national and global programs of UNEP.