The United Nations Organisation
Belarus is the founder of the United Nations and the Belarusian delegation, along with other delegations representing the founding Member States of the Organization, signed the UN Charter in San Francisco in October 1945. The acceptance of Belarus into the emerging global organization became the recognition by the international community of the contribution that the Belarusian people made to the victory over Nazi in World War II. During its existence, the organization has become an authoritative global universal international intergovernmental organization.
Learn more about main steps, initiatives and achievements of Belarus within the UN here.
Despite much more complex structure of international relations that has been emerging since the end of the Cold War, the UN continues to be the most important platform for multilateral diplomatic activity.
Participation in the work of the UN and the system of its bodies and special agencies allows the Republic of Belarus to actively use the possibilities of the international community in solving transnational modern problems from maintaining peace and security to sustainable development. The activity of Belarus within the UN is of an unifying nature, and the issues defended by our country are firmly included in the UN agenda make Belarus recognizable in the international arena and contribute to maintaining a positive image of the country.
This task is fulfilled through a number of instruments, among which the main one is the promotion of major Belarusian foreign policy initiatives at the UN, such as recognition of the diversity of ways of progressive development, the creation of global partnerships, combating human trafficking and others. All these initiatives are designed to unite the entire international community to address urgent transnational challenges, as well as to form a more equitable world order based on the universally recognized principles of the UN Charter and the norms of international law.
Taking into account the clearly outlined principled approaches of the Republic of Belarus to the processes of globalization that are gaining strength in recent years, the growth of conflict factors and instability in international relations, Belarus sees the strengthening of the central role of the Organization in world affairs as the most important priority of its participation in the UN. In this regard, Belarus actively speaks from the UN rostrum against the use of unilateral approaches in resolving issues of international peace and security, against the destruction of the international law system based on the UN Charter. In the past few years, the Republic of Belarus has begun to take part in peacekeeping operations under the auspices of the UN, thereby making its own contribution to maintaining peace and security on the planet.
The same goal is intended to contribute to the efforts of Belarus to carry out institutional reforms in the Organization, primarily its main UN bodies - the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council. The result of the reforms should be the endowment of the UN, its bodies and institutions with adequate capabilities for the effective implementation of the statutory goals and objectives to counter the global challenges of our time both in international security policy and in the socio-economic sphere.
In the economic context, Belarusian diplomacy is aimed at attracting the potential and resources of the UN to facilitate the internal development of the Republic of Belarus. The main directions of cooperation with organizations and agencies of the UN system for this task are defined in the UN Framework Program for Assistance to the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020. The document ensured the mobilization of financial resources available to the Belarusian recipients. In addition, separate programs have been jointly developed with a number of UN agencies and agencies, for example, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), which detail and expand the respective areas of cooperation identified in the Framework Program.
The participation of Belarus in the activities of a number of specialized organizations of the UN system - the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, the Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and others.
In order to attract the UN's potential to contribute to solving national problems in the fields of humanitarian and social development, Belarus actively cooperates with such specialized organizations and agencies of the UN system as the International Labor Organization (ILO), the World Health Organization (WHO), the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and others.
As a result of interaction with the UN system, Belarus has achieved significant progress in a number of areas in the field of sustainable development. This is evidenced by international ratings.
In particular, Belarus is included in the category of countries with a high level of development and ranks 50th in the human development index, in the index of the ease of doing business it ranks 49th, in the global index of information and communication technologies development Belarus ranks 32nd.
At the same time, we have maintained a relatively high level of gender equality in society. Belarus ranks 27th out of 162 countries in terms of the inequality index. Belarus is also the leader among the CIS countries in the index of opportunities for girls (24th place among 144 countries). Our country is among the leaders in the comfort of motherhood.
Belarus took the leading positions in the global ranking of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), namely the 18th place.
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