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After declaration of its independence the Republic of Belarus entered the world stage as a new sovereign state, which appeared as a result of the collapse of the USSR, and as a European country with rich historic traditions of statehood.
Polotsk, Turov, Pinsk and other principalities (IX-XIV centuries), that were established on the territory of modern Belarus, and their successor – the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (mid. XIII-XVIII cent.) were active subjects of international relations. The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (1919-1991) became a full-fledged member of the United Nations and one of its founding states.
On July 27, 1990 the Supreme Council of the BSSR adopted a Declaration of State Sovereignty of Belarus. On August 25, 1991 that act was given a status of a Constitutional Law. It became a turning point in the state’s development. Having exercised its natural right to self-determination, the Republic of Belarus, that received its new official name after the relevant decision of the Supreme Council of the BSSR as of September 19, 1991, embarked on pursuing its independent foreign policy.
Belarus developed its foreign policy course under difficult conditions. The world entered the era of drastic geopolitical, economic and social transformations characterized by high intensity and dynamics. Formation of new centers of power went along with escalation of state rivalry and intensive competition among future development models.
Despite objective difficulties, the independent Republic of Belarus managed to develop its international relations without sacrificing its national interests. It enabled our country to confidently and effectively promote and protect its foreign policy objectives and priorities.
Modern Belarus is a sovereign European state pursuing an independent and peaceful foreign policy, developing cooperation with foreign partners from all over the world, and significantly contributing to strengthening of international security and stability.
Belarus maintains diplomatic relations with 177 countries of the world and is represented today by foreign offices in 58 states. In 2014 Belarus opened embassies in Australia, Qatar, Mongolia, Pakistan, Ecuador and Consulate General in Milan (Italy), in 2016 – in Georgia and Spain. The Embassy of Belarus fully restored its operation in Sweden.
Foreign states are represented in Belarus by 48 embassies, 4 branch offices of embassies, 3 trade missions, 40 consular offices; international organisations – by 17 missions. 91 foreign diplomatic missions based in Moscow, Vilnius, Warsaw and Kiev are concurrently accredited to Belarus.