Visiting Belarus visa-free

International Security and Disarmament

Belarus pursues consistent policy in the sphere of international security, non-proliferation (see webpage) of weapons of mass destruction, disarmament and arms control (see webpage).

Our country was the first to voluntarily renounce (see webpage) its nuclear weapons remaining after USSR collapse.

Being a non-nuclear state, Belarus joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in 1993.

Following its commitments under the Lisbon Protocol and the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, Belarus completely withdrew nuclear-missile weapons from its territory.

Having been a Party to the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) since 1992, our country destroyed 584 intermediate-range and shorter-range missiles with a subsequent liquidation on the firing range former USSR.

Belarus joined the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 1995.

The Republic of Belarus ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) on May 13, 2000 and stands (see CTBTO webpage) for its immediate implementation.

Belarus takes an active part in the activities of the Committee of the UN General Assembly related to the issues of international security and disarmament. Not only our country is a UN member state, it is also the author of a number of UN General Assembly resolutions on prohibition of development and manufacture of new types of weapons of mass destruction and new systems of such weapons. Belarus is the co-sponsor of a number of other UN GA resolutions devoted to the most urgent issues of international security and disarmament, including resolutions initiated by the Non-Aligned Movement.

Belarus takes part in the work of other UN specialized forums on disarmament and international security, i.e. the Conference on Disarmament (Geneva) and the UN Disarmament Commission (New York).  Our country chaired at the Conference on Disarmament in 2010.

The country is a member of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction (CWC) and the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (BTWC).

Belarus has adopted necessary national legislation in line with the provisions of the abovementioned conventions. The CWC National Authority has been set up, and its functions being assigned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In addition, the national contact point for the implementation of the BTWC has been established.