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Non-Proliferation and Export Control

Proliferation of weapon of mass destruction (WMD) – nuclear, chemical, biological weapons – and means of their delivery poses danger to international security and stability.

Thus, Belarus consistently supports the efforts of international community to counter WMD proliferation and prevent terrorists from getting WMD.

Belarus has supported the adoption of the UN Security Council Resolution 1540(2004) on the prevention of WMD proliferation and has submitted to the UN Security Council relevant reports on measures taken at national level.

In 2012 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in cooperation with the relevant state bodies and with the assistance of the OSCE Conflict Prevention Centre, the 1540 Committee and the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs Belarus has elaborated a national framework document/“road map” for additional measures to implement the resolution 1540.

To enhance efforts and strengthen coordination in preventing terrorists from getting WMD at the national, sub-regional, regional and international level, our country actively promote Resolution 1540 in the region. To this end 15-17 January 2013 in Minsk seminar on the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004) was held under the auspices of the CIS Executive Committee, the UN Office of Disarmament Affairs, the OSCE Conflict Prevention Centre (CPC).

Belarus recognizes the role of international export control regimes as one of the instruments for curbing the illicit proliferation of nuclear materials, equipment and technology. Belarus has been a member of Nuclear Suppliers Group since 2000. Belarus adheres to the ruling principles of the group when it makes decisions on the  supplies of controlled items. In 2010 Belarus’ membership in one more export control regime – Zangger Committee was formalized.  Belarus supports objectives and principles of three other international export control regimes – The Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), The Wassenaar Arrangement (WA) and the Australia Group – our country has implemented the demands of these regimes into national legislation.

Belarus is one of the co-founders of The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC). Our country is one of the Code’s co-founders and regularly prepares and submits annual declarations on the absence of missile programme and on the participation in the international non-proliferation efforts. In 2012 Belarus subscribed to the Joint Ministerial Statement to Commemorate the 10th Anniversary of the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation.

Belarus is a member of the The Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) and appreciates the efforts of the PSI member states to prevent proliferation of WMD, materials for its production, means of delivery.