Commemorating the 30th anniversary of the Chernobyl NPP Disaster (background report)
The Republic of Belarus undertakes consistent steps and measures to draw attention and mobilize resources of the world community to the most pressing problems related to the Chernobyl Disaster, including rehabilitation of contaminated territories, revival of social and economic activity and provision of safe living conditions for the people in the affected areas. This approach proposed by Belarus is recognized at the international level today.
These sound actions undertaken in the following areas have contributed to the efficient solution of above-mentioned problems.
I. Enabling of the friendly political and organizational environment for further development of the international cooperation on Chernobyl within the United Nations
The triennial United Nations General Assembly (UN GA) Chernobyl-related resolutions are an important instrument for the strengthening of the relevant intergovernmental cooperation. Resolutions mandate organizations of the UN system to implement international Chernobyl-related programmes and projects.
In December 2013 the 68th UN GA Session adopted resolution “Strengthening of international cooperation and coordination of efforts to study, mitigate and minimize the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster” which was co-sponsored by about 60 UN Member States including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, France, Germany, Georgia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the United States, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.
The resolution highly appreciates the activities of the Governments of the affected States aimed at overcoming the consequences of the disaster and urges all relevant organizations of the UN system to support their efforts, including through provision of necessary resources for implementation of the Chernobyl-related social and economic as well as medical and environmental programmes.
Belarus works actively on an applying of the whole potential of the United Nations Inter-Agency Task Force (IATF) on Chernobyl in the areas of formation of favorable conditions for continuation of the international Chernobyl cooperation, and full-scale realization of the UN Decade of Recovery and Sustainable Development of the Affected Regions and the UN Action Plan on Chernobyl (2006-2016).
UNDP Administrator Ms.H.Clark visited Belarus in May, 2014. During the visit Ms.H.Clark was received by President of the Republic of Belarus Mr. A.G. Lukashenko, travelled into the Chernobyl-affected territories in the Gomel Region to get acquainted on-site with the topical issues.
The IATF meeting was held the first time in Minsk in May 2014. The event initiated a process of development of the new framework of the international Chernobyl cooperation for the post-2016 period. The subsequent expert meetings in Vienna (2015) and Minsk (2015 and 2016) elaborated joint recommendations for further development of the multilateral cooperation.
The International Conference Chernobyl Thirty Years Later. From an Emergency Situation to a Revival and Sustainable Socio-Economic Development of Affected Territories was held on April 25, 2016 in Minsk. Representatives of 37 states, 12 intergovernmental organizations, and a number of foreign non-governmental organizations participated in the event.
The conference generalized an experience of cooperation within the UN Decade of Recovery and Sustainable Development of the Affected Regions. The Conference’s Declaration which was circulated as an official document of the UN General Assembly contains an appeal to develop and exercise under the UN auspices the International Initiative “Achieving Sustainable Development Goals in the Chernobyl-Affected Regions through Partnerships, Innovations and Investments".
The President of the Republic Belarus awarded UNDP Administrator Ms.H.Clark and UNDP Regional Director Ms.Č.Sultanoglu with the Orders of Francysk Skaryna for UNDP’s significant contribution to overcoming consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster and rehabilitation of affected territories.
A special commemorative meeting of the United Nations General Assembly devoted to Chernobyl took place on April 26, 2016 in New York. Belarus granted an honorary right to speak on its behalf to the Head of the Irish Charity Organization “Chernobyl Children International” Ms.A.Roche in order to highlight consolidation of multinational efforts to overcome consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster and assist the affected population.
The Permanent Representative of Belarus to the UN made a statement on behalf of the Group of the Eastern European States and stressed that the United Nations efforts to coordinate the Chernobyl cooperation constitute an investment in the future, sustainable development and safety.
II. Cooperation with donors
The overcoming of long-term consequences of the largest man-made catastrophe of the 20th century demands advanced technologies and scientific and financial potential of the whole international community. The Republic of Belarus actively interacts with foreign partners – governmental and non-governmental organizations, agencies, funds, companies and citizens of foreign countries on minimization of consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster.
In 1991-2015 the Republic of Belarus received an international technical support from intergovernmental organizations which amounts up to US$ 85 million. Donor countries and foreign non-governmental organizations provided charitable assistance which makes total US$ 400 million.
Major Chernobyl-related projects were implemented in the framework of the Union State of Belarus and Russia. Inter alia, the Republican Center of Radiation Medicine and Human Ecology in Gomel was constructed and equipped with an advanced equipment; policlinics and hospitals in affected regions of Belarus and Russia were built. The Belarusian-Russian Information Center on the Problems of the Consequences of the Catastrophe at Chernobyl NPP with branches in Minsk and Moscow was established. The fundamental atlas which was devoted to the forecasts of radiology situation in Belarus and Russia for the period till 2056 was published. The total cost of the joint Belarusian-Russian projects amounts to US$ 90 million.
The Ministry of Emergency Situation of the Republic of Belarus is a national coordinator of Chernobyl-related projects of UNDP, IAEA, WHO and UNICEF, including the regional IAEA’ project Support for the Rehabilitation of the Areas Affected by the Chernobyl NPP Accident and UNDP, WHO, UNICEF projects carried out within the International Chernobyl Research and Information Network (ICRIN).
The Republic of Belarus is open for cooperation with all interested partners to minimize consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster on the basis of equality, mutual respect and benefit.
III. Advocacy for ensuring preservation and adequate reflection of the Chernobyl issue in the international agenda
The efficient advocacy of the international Chernobyl cooperation is one of the priorities of the Belarusian diplomatic and consular missions. All available resources are using in order to raise awareness of the international community concerning efforts of the Republic of Belarus aimed at overcoming the consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster.
These actions are focused on necessity of retention and development of the international Chernobyl cooperation under the UN auspices and its support by bilateral programmes and projects. In April-May 2016 almost all Belarusian diplomatic and consular missions organized memorial actions aimed at raising of awareness of the consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster and drawing of worldwide attention to grass-roots needs, revival and sustainable development of Chernobyl-affected regions.
On 20 April, 2016 in the UN Headquarters (New York) Minister of Foreign Affairs of Belarus Mr.V.Makei took part in the opening ceremony of the Chernobyl exhibition arranged by Belarus. Also the special event and the exhibition of paintings by Belarusian children “Colouring Chernobyl” was held in the Palace of Nations (Geneva). The photo exhibition Belarus: 30 years after the Chernobyl accident was held in the Council of Europe (Strasbourg).
The Chernobyl-related “round tables” and other thematic events were organized with the support of Belarusian diplomatic and consular missions in Headquarters of the European Parliament (Brussels) and the OSCE (Vienna). Other actions also took place in countries of accreditation of Belarusian diplomatic and consular missions.
Numerous interviews of top officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Belarusian diplomatic and consular missions dedicated to the efforts of the Republic of Belarus on overcoming the consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster, revival of the affected territories and development of the international Chernobyl cooperation were published in the international and national media.
The activities of the Belarusian diplomatic and consular missions aimed at the development of the international Chernobyl cooperation will be continued. Adoption of a new UN General Assembly resolution on Chernobyl is expected by the end of 2016. The document will provide embedding of the post-2016 international Chernobyl cooperation in a global context of sustainable development agenda and increasing of preparedness to man-made disasters, including radiation accidents.