Belarus traditionally oppose the politicization of human rights, considering that an integrated approach to all categories of human rights and liberties, civil and political as well as economic, social and cultural rights should be the basis of international cooperation in the field of human rights.
All human rights are universal, indivisible, interrelated, interdependent and complementary. Approach to all categories of human rights should have the same attitude and emphasis.
Belarus’ approach to human rights issues, their place in present-day world is reflected in the article «Human Rights: What and Who Made Them Divide the World?» by Minister of Foreign Affairs V.Makei.
The President of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko at the 26th session of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly (July 5, 2017, Minsk) stated: The elaboration of the first in the history of independent Belarus National Human Rights Action Plan has become the most important element of systemic ensuring of the entire complex of citizens' rights and freedoms.
International efforts to promote and protect human rights should be based on the principles of cooperation, equity and mutually respectful dialogue being aimed at strengthening national efforts of UN member states to implement their obligations in the field of human rights. No state can boast about the lack of human rights problems. MFA’s report about the most resonant cases of human rights violations in certain countries deals with this issue.
Belarus and Universal Periodic Review
Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique mechanism of the UN Human Rights Council, which represents an integrated and comprehensive overview of the situation with human rights in all countries of the world.
Belarus passed the first UPR cycle in 2010. From a total of 93 UPR recommendations made Belarus accepted 74 relating to the promotion and protection of economic, social, civil and political rights, as well as rights of women, children, disabled persons, refugees and migrants.
In 2012, Belarus submitted its preliminary UPR implementation report (in Russian) to Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
The second UPR cycle for Belarus will take place on May 4, 2015. State organs in partnership with Belarusian civil society organizations prepared a national report on the implementation of the first UPR cycle’s recommendations (in Russian).
Implementation of international human rights instruments
Belarus being one of the founding members of the United Nations is a party to most international human rights instruments, including the six major human rights treaties: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, International Convention on Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Fulfilling its international obligations as a state party of these human rights treaties Belarus submits for consideration by the UN treaty bodies (bodies created in accordance with international human rights instruments) national periodic reports. In recent years the following reports have been submitted:
Combined Third and Fourth Periodic Reports on the Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (submitted in 2008, considered by the Committee on the Rights of the Child on January 25, 2011)
Fourth Periodic Report on the Implementation of the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (submitted in 2009, considered by the Committee Against Torture on November 11-14, 2011)
Seventh Periodic Report on the Implementation of the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (submitted in 2009, considered by the Committee on Elimination of Discrimination Against Women on January 27, 2011)
Combined Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Periodic Reports on the Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (submitted in 2010, considered by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on November 13, 2013)
Combined Eighteenth and Nineteenth Periodic Reports on the Implementation of the International Convention on Elimination of Racial Discrimination (submitted in 2012, considered by the Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination on August 20-21, 2013)
In addition, in 2011 Belarus submitted its Common Core Document as a part of national periodic reports which reflects the overall situation in Belarus in the field of human rights.