Customs and tariff regulation in the Republic of Belarus is carried out in accordance with the rules of the Customs Union and the Common Economic Area of Belarus, Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation (hereinafter – CU/CEA) and is based on the unification of international treaties, of which the most important are:
1. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) of the WTO;
2. The International Convention on the Harmonised Commodity Description and Coding System (signed in Brussels on June, 06, 1983);
3. The Convention on International Transport of Goods Under Cover of TIR Carnets;
4. Other multilateral and bilateral international agreements (eg, most-favored-nation agreements).
Elements of customs and tariff regulations are:
— customs tariff;
— customs declaration of goods, transported across the customs border;
— customs procedures;
- the unified nomenclature of the international economic activity.
Since January 1, 2010, as the Customs Union of the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation was launched, its Member States apply unified measures of customs and tariff regulation.
According to the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Commission of November, 18 2011 (hereinafter – Treaty), the Eurasian Economic Commission (hereinafter – the Commission) carries out activities in the field of customs and tariff regulation. The decisions of the Eurasian Economic Commission form the legal framework of the Customs Union and Common Economic Area and are directly applicable in the territories of the Parties.
Decisions of the Commission and the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council are published at the official website.